Topic: State regulation matrix on bamboo: Top 10 bamboo growing states and document the district, state, central Govt. level restrictions and guidelines to develop a matrix.
In the first two weeks, I read:
(a) Central Acts: Forest Rights Act, 2005; Indian Forest Conservation Act, 1927; Indian Forest Policy and National Bamboo mission. After reading these acts, a lot of contradictions pertaining to bamboo industry came to forefront. Acc. to IFA bamboo is a tree and thus it is considered a timber product. This leads to lot of restrictions on harvest, transit and trade of bamboo. However, on the other hand, FRA includes bamboo in minor forest produce. By virtue of definition of MFP, bamboo is a non-timber product. These contradictions lead to lot of confusion in the industry on the status of bamboo.
(b) Case study on Gadchiroli district in Maharashtra: In Maharashtra, the Government recognized community rights of tribal people on bamboo. As a result the passbook of bamboo was passed from forest department to gram sabhas in Godchiroli district. Within a year the gram sabha of Medha lankan earned Rs. 1 crore from bamboo. If one state can do, then why are other states not doing it? (I’m still finding answer to this question)
(c) Newspaper reports: They gave me a comprehensive insight into the demand and supply constraints faced by bamboo industry and bamboo growers due to contradictory Govt. acts. There were some interesting case studies on different bamboo growing states as well.
(d) Research papers: They helped me the most in understanding the hindrances faced by people in plantation of bamboo on private land and its trade thereafter.
Currently, I’m reading all the states acts of top 10 bamboo growing states and making a rough matrix of the same.